Parameterized comfort in physical spaces

Leader of research group: Dr. Ágnes Borsos


The group's activities

The aim is to develop a design method, which is based on data collection, measurement and data processing for a more sustainable and healthier built environment. Measurable values ​​must be created for a long-term, complex solution, as a result of which the challenges ahead can be managed with sustainable and innovative solutions. When defining / redefining our living spaces, the primary goal is to optimize the built volume, the horizontal projection, and to establish cost-effectiveness and a healthy living space. The work is divided into two main directions, study of the solutions of workspaces and living spaces in the development of parameterized, health-focused design.


  1. Development of a complex design process that defines decision paths and thus becomes a complex methodology
  2. Design sub-processes, automation
  3. Transposition of the physiological effects of the interior space on people into design conceptualisation

Expected results

  • Preparation of TDK research papers
  • 1 MSc thesis
  • 2 Q2 Publications
  • 1 R & D & I contract


  • Q2 publication - August 2019
    International Journal of Design & Nature and Ecodynamics
    An eco-approach to modularity in urban living
    Authors: Ágnes Borsos, Jeno Balogh, Balázs Kokas & Bálint Bachmann
    The article provides a conceptual proposal for sustainable urban housing that ensures affordability through prefabrication and mass production in a way that user-friendly, personalized, optimised living spaces can be created by parameterizing the design process.
  • International publication, conference volume article - November 2019
    Volume 238 of the WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment
    authors: Balázs Kokas, Jeno Balogh, Ágnes Borsos, Gabriella Medvegy, Bálint Bachmann
    Study of the sustainability of residential buildings based on existing national examples, analyzing their entire life cycle. Based on the above, the interpretation of the problems, the possibilities of their elimination, and the presentation of the concept of a modular residential building based on these solutions.
  • International publication, Q2 Article - March 2020
    International Journal of Design & Nature and Ecodynamics
    Harmonization of Structural and Functional Lifespans Of Prefabricated Residential Buildings
    authors: Balázs Kokas, Jeno Balogh, Ágnes Borsos, Gabriella Medvegy, Bálint Bachmann
    The article studies the analysis of the structural and functional lifespan of buildings, the comparison of the two, and the possibilities of striking a balance between them. Achieving the balance requires adaptation, accordingly the development of a structural system that is capable of this, with optimised material selection.
  • 65 students pilot project
    Involvement of 5th year Hungarian and foreign MSc students in the conversion of the ITSH office building lounges to increase employee comfort
  • Obtaining doctoral degrees
    Balázs Kokas: dissertation titled "ECONOMY, ENVIRONMENT, SOCIETY sustainability balance in architecture" (2019), doctoral defense in the field of architecture
    András Greg: dissertation titled "RECYCLED URBAN ARCHITECTURE RECYCLED AREAS, SPACE WALLS AND SPACE WALL SYSTEMS" (2019), doctoral defense in the field of architecture
  • Development of an applicable design methodology with ITS Hungary
    In the course of the research, a three-layer comfort map was developed, which in the long run could become a general method by being able to increase the level of comfort and well-being of people / employees without tools (considering local conditions and depicting the differences of space comfort).
  • VR space experiment
    In order to increase the comfort of ITSH employees, the research group prepared an interior design plan for the lounges in the Mill Park office building, which were less preferred by the employees, based on the results of questionnaires and measuring instruments. The development of the plans and concept was made in virtual reality (VR). Part of the experiment is the presentation of VR spaces to the employees. The opinions of the employees on the redesigned spaces will be evaluated at a later phase of the research.


Corporate cooperation

  • BALSEN- R&D&I (under preparation)

Research group cooperation

  • BIM skill lab - digitization, typing, prefabrication, programmed organization Prof. Dr. Bálint Bachmann
    VR simulations - the effect of space on people in virtual reality - simulations, measurements - development of a design method
    The tool of the solution is the virtual simulation where the parameterized comfort can be studied and represented with smart tools. By mapping and simulating the increasingly necessary prefabrication that can increase comfort and health at the level of our buildings, objects and equipment. Systematic thinking, feedback on measurement results are needed to search for sustainable moral, economic and health standards, to map the challenges.
  • Smart city (Smart City Technologies, Mobility, Prevention)
    Dr. János Girán senior lecturer - continuously from October
    Preparing for the measurement of subjective workplace comfort and identifying the factors influencing it. After targeted data collection, multidimensional statistical analysis methods are applied. Studying frequency distributions and analyzing frequency tables. Analysis of contingency tables and correspondence analysis to study the stochastic relationship between explanatory and outcome variables.

Expert cooperation

  • Acoustics
    László Czimermann - November, December
    Analysis of noise level measurements influencing comfort, comparison with Hungarian standards.
  • Light test
    Dr. György Elmer associate professor - November, December
    Analysis of light and reflection conditions influencing comfort, comparison with Hungarian standards.


Prof. Dr. Jenő Balogh

full professor MSU Denver

Dr. Ágnes Borsos

Head of unit

Balázs Cakó

PhD student, assistant professor

András Greg

assistant professor

Anett Tímea Grozdics

administration, organisational task

Thimea Hendrix

Doctoral student

Dr. Balázs Kokas

junior researcher

Dalma Lovig

DLA student

Prof. Dr. Gabriella Medvegy

researcher, PTE TKP project leader

Nicolas Ramos Gonzales

DLA student

Dr. Donát Rétfalvi

Student coordination, preparation of publication

Nesma Sadoud

PhD student

Dr. Erzsébet Szeréna Zoltán

Researcher teacher


ITSH Comfort in workspaces

We have expanded the faculty's existing cooperation with IT-Services Hungary. The aim of the project is to study the relationship between work comfort and work efficiency at the Budapest and Debrecen sites.

The aim of the research is to increase the comfort of the employees and reduce health risks by studying and evaluating the physical properties of the existing office building that is the subject of the research. In order to enhance individual comfort, the main task of the research group is to develop a complex design method that helps to create and use a built environment, especially interiors, which uses solutions that reduce health risks and can be operated in a sustainable way.

Our research group works in the frame of a cooperation with ITSH Ltd. During the study, the data collection was aimed at mapping the subjective comfort on the one hand, and the instrumental measurement of the effects that could potentially determine the comfort of the employees on the other - carbon dioxide concentration, noise level, light conditions, temperature, and humidity.

Measuring instruments

  • TESTO 480 - air conditioning and ventilation measuring instrument
  • TESTO 315-3 - environmental CO / CO2 meter
  • NTI Audio & Acoustic XL2
  • TROTEC BZ25 CO2 air quality monitor

Sustainability of residential buildings, comfort

Sustainability is a key consideration in the development of contemporary residential building concepts. The sustainability of a building can be characterized by its durability, i.e. the lifespan of the building, the determining element of which is the relationship of the building’s structural and functional properties. The aim of the research is to study the structural and functional lifespan of residential buildings, to map the possibilities of striking a balance between them based on the revealed data and connections. The condition for this is adaptability, which can be ensured by the selection of structural systems and materials optimised for this purpose. Based on the above, our goal is to develop a structural system with the help of which a designed residential building can ensure the desired transformability, considering the static and acoustic needs, while at the same time it can provide a high level of comfort for the residents as well.